©New Frontier, Frontier Stone, LLC
Frontier Stone to partner and assist the Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge 

Sustainability of Critical Habitat 

  •  The Comprehensive Conservation Plan developed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service indicates, the water management program at the Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge "requires the manipulation of wetland water levels to provide high-energy plant and invertebrate foods and structural habitat diversity for feeding, resting and breeding waterfowl and other migratory birds (Service 2005b)...In some cases, water is not available in the fall to allow flooding of draw down wetlands."
     

  • Each impoundment in the refuge is critical to the INWR's migratory waterfowl conservation efforts. The reservoirs in Frontier Stone's proposed operation will be able to aid the USFWS in managing a number of these critical impoundments.
     

  • All of the INWR's water-level management strategies have been and will continue to be challenged by climate change projections that forecast an increase in drought conditions annually, during late summer and fall. During Phases 1 and 2, this quarry will have reservoir capacity and the ability to redirect or discharge water "as and when" requested by the USFWS (see Draft Permit Condition #14, pg. 5). Phases 2 and 3 of the operation will create additional reservoir capacity, enabling Frontier Stone's to assist the refuge through the end of the century.
     

  • The INWR is located on the The Atlantic Flyway -  a vital stop for migratory waterfowl. The INWR's impoundments are critical habitat in the Atlantic Flyway because farming and development over the last two centuries have dramatically altered the natural landscape of the Great Lakes Plains, eliminating the vast stretches of naturally occurring marshes that at one time supported the waterfowl during migration seasons. This quarry's operations plan and reservoir locations were reconfigured to assist the refuge in maintaining the vital impoundments on the nearby refuge. 
     

  • An increase in "intense" spring/summer precipitation events and late-summer/ fall droughts have been forecast for this region -  New York Region 1/WNY Great Lakes Plains. The NYSERDA Climate Change in New York State Report outlines:  "Regional precipitation across New York State is projected to increase by approximately 1-8 percent b the 2020s, 3-12 percent by the 2050s and 4-15 percent by the 2080s...It is unknown how multi-year drought risk may change in the future...The total number of hot days in New York State is expected to increase as this century progresses. The frequency and duration of heat waves, defined as three or more consecutive days with maximum temperatures at or above 90°F, are also expected to increase...As the century progresses, snowfall is likely to become less frequent, with snow seasons decreasing in length."

  • The reservoirs created by Frontier Stone's quarry will serve as a source of water for the INWR to address the above-mentioned climate change predictions for the region. Mined areas of the quarry site will be developed into a wildlife habitat with two recreational lakes created for fauna, particularly waterfowl.
     

  • A Willdlife Extra News story documents studies out of the UK that show quarry sites are a 'haven for birds of prey' and 'remarkable' for other wildlife because they provide a range of habitats such as woodlands, grasslands, reed beds, heathlands and ponds.
     

  • The natural landscape of Shelby offers many of the same characteristics as those in the UK. The reservoirs to be established during Frontier's operations, coupled with the post-mining Reclamation plan, will create hundreds more acres of prime habitat for wildlife.
     

  • Reports of elusive birds like the Short-eared Owl from the owl species and Peregrine falcons were found in quarries. Peregrine are known to set-up homes in quarries. (Wildlife Extra News | "Quarries make a great bird habitat")
     

  • Reports indicate restoration/reclamation of former mineral sites has 'provided some remarkable places for wildlife.' And if all quarries were restored as a wildlife habitat they would create 'thousands of acres of much-needed habitat for wildlife,' which is why Frontier Stone has a similar restoration plan for the land in Shelby.